Retrieved September 29, Noticing the US response to this situation, he has an epiphany that his country is The reluctant fundamentalist motifs used as a pawn. As they walk, the American, now highly suspicious that he is in immediate danger, reaches into his pocket, possibly for a gun.
After this meeting he travels to Chile on an assignment. New York held everything that Lahore could no longer afford, privilege and the monetary means to live a charmed life.
A Pakistani man, Changez, offers to direct an American visitor where he can find a good cup of tea. Though traces of his unrest were apparent long before the attacks actually commenced, when Changez smiles at the sight of the twin towers being destroyed it marks a major change within the young man who left Lahore with a desire to succeed in the elite business world of America.
The single most important historical event in the novel is the destruction of the World Trade Center on September In his professional life, he impresses his peers and gets earmarked by his superiors for his work, especially Jim, the person who recruited him, develops a good rapport with him, and holds him in high esteem.
For all intents and purposes, Changez is living the American Dream. When Changez relates the story of his time in America, he notes that he did not have a beard then; he was a clean-shaven young man doing his best to fit into corporate America.
Soon she begins treatment in a mental institution. Changez, due to his privileged position The reluctant fundamentalist motifs society, is not among those detained or otherwise abused, but he notices a change in his treatment in public.
Hamid experiments with unusual points of view in his writing. After the attacks on the twin towers, a beard was the last thing he wanted, as public abuse was becoming more and more rampant for Muslims. The reluctant fundamentalist motifs Reluctant Fundamentalist also bears a noticeable resemblance to the frame narrative of The Arabian Nights, in which Scheherazade prolongs her life by telling her executor lengthy, tangential stories.
As they wait for their tea, Changez begins to weave a long story about his life, especially his time living in the United States - in between making remarks about the historylandmarks and society of Lahore, his native city which he loves and of which he is proud.
Geography Geography plays an important role in The Reluctant Fundamentalist, most notably in the form of cities. Changez has become a man who sees America as a selfish, soulless entity, crushing weaker and more impoverished nations. After graduating from Princeton Universityhe vacationed in Greece with fellow Princetonians, where he met Erica, an aspiring writer.
In his spare time, he worked on a novel he had begun writing as an undergraduate at Princeton; inhe published this work, Moth Smoke. Plot[ edit ] The story begins on the streets of Lahore.
Though Changez is satisfied at this development in their relationship, this irreversibly damages their relationship. The Reluctant Fundamentalist is an example of a dramatic monologue.
In fact, he suggests that his beard is the reason that the American stranger is taken aback by his appearance.
In a widely televised interview, he strongly criticizes the militarism of U. After the Indian Parliament attackIndia and Pakistan mobilize leading to a standoff. The Reluctant Fundamentalist When Written: Officially she is stated as a missing person, as her body has not been found.
After a date, they return to his place and he proceeds to have sex with her, but stops because her emotional attachment to Chris prevents her from becoming aroused. When he returns to meet her, it is found that she has left the institution and her clothes were found near the Hudson River.
When Changez returns home to Pakistan, he decides not to shave when it comes time for his return to New York. At the age of 18, he attended Princeton University, where he studied with the famous writers Toni Morrison and Joyce Carol Oates, and graduated summa cum laude with highest honors.
His experience and insight in world issues gains his admiration among students. Lahore is a city very much affected by class-consciousness, but the wealth of its upper and middle class is in decline, so much so that Changez could only afford to attend Princeton on a scholarship.
Changez could never really feel like an American, but he was instantly viewed as a New Yorker. He makes his way into the elite business world of Manhattan, a young and gifted Pakistani man, well-mannered and intelligent, with an impressive degree from Princeton, a job working for a prestigious valuation company and a budding relationship with a fellow Princeton graduate.
But the novel ends without revealing what was in his pocket, leaving the reader to wonder if the stranger was a CIA agent, possibly there to kill Changez, or if Changez, in collusion with the waiter from the cafe, had planned all along to do harm to the American.
In Chile, he is very distracted due to developments in the world and, responding to the parabolic suggestion of the publisher his company is there to assess which would lead to its break uphe visits the nearby preserved home of the late left-wing poet Pablo Neruda and comes to see himself as a servant of the American empire that has constantly interfered with and manipulated his homeland.
He returns from Chile to New York without completing the assignment and ends up losing his job. This act makes people surrounding him think that someone might be sent to intimidate him or worse.
He attended Harvard Law School, but found it boring. Despite his professional success in New York, Changez is torn between his allegiance to America—the life he has built there and his….
Changez advocates nonviolence, but a relatively unknown student gets apprehended for an assassination attempt on an American representative, which brings the spotlight on Changez. As they sit in the cafe, Changez keeps noting that the American stranger is very apprehensive of their surroundings, that he is in possession of a sophisticated satellite phone on which he is repeatedly messaging, and that under his clothing there is a bulge which might be a gun.The Reluctant Fundamentalist Motifs.
Inquiry Essay The Reluctant Fundamentalist, by Mohsin Hamid, is the sad story of a young man going through an identity crisis. The novel revolves around a Pakistani man, Changez, who just graduated from Princeton University. The Reluctant Fundamentalist Symbols and Motifs. Mohsin Hamid The Reluctant Fundamentalist.
The Reluctant Fundamentalist Symbols and Motifs. Geography plays an important role in The Reluctant Fundamentalist, most notably in the form of cities.
Lahore, where. The Reluctant Fundamentalist is a good example of a Bildungsroman, or coming of age novel. In the early chapters, Changez, the protagonist (his name clues us in to the character development he’ll undergo) is an uncertain, passive young man.
The Reluctant Fundamentalist is a novel by Pakistani author Mohsin Hamid, published in The novel uses the technique of a frame story, which takes place during the course of a single evening in an outdoor Lahore cafe.
The Reluctant Fundamentalist Questions and Answers. The Question and Answer section for The Reluctant Fundamentalist is a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel.
Pakistani author Mohsin Hamid’s novel The Reluctant Fundamentalist is a story rife with nostalgia for earlier, more innocent and idealistic times – acknowledging along the way that those.Download