Role allocation is another factor which functionalist believes. The education system creates the myth of meritocracy, functionalists argue that education and the world of work are both meritocratic; because of their view everyone has an equal opportunity to achieve.
Davis and Moore This consists of the selection and allocation of individuals to their future work roles, a functionalist explanation of social stratification is that ; Some people are more talented than others, Some jobs are more complex than others and require greater skill, for society to function properly the most talented individuals need to be allocated to the most important jobs.
For example; Fragmentation — When in school pupils are broken up by subject, class, year group and in some cases ability. Education also teaches children to follow universalistic rules, which are essential to co-operate in society.
They are able to partially see through the meritocratic ideology that claims working class pupils can get on through hard work. Thus, their resistance to school ends up reproducing class inequality. Willis rejects Bowles and Gintis version of the correspondent principle, rather than the lads passively accepting ruling class ideology, he found that the working class pupils might resist attempts to indoctrinate them in school.
However, many agree and disagree for example the postmodernists believe that Marxism is out of date, and the correspondent no longer exists. Education tries to convince people that inequality is inevitable and that failure is the fault of the individual, not the capitalist state.
Education equips individuals with the specialist skills needed to participate in work in a modern economy. They believe the education works in two ways as an ISA; reproduction and legitimation.
Feminists argue that schools reproduce not only capitalism, but patriarchy too. In the reproduction function, education produces class inequality by failing each generation of ensuring that they end up in the same kind of jobs as their parents end up in the same kind of jobs as their parents.
Also it is evident that Marxists argue amongst themselves as how reproduction and legitimation take place. Marxists believe that meritocracy is a myth, as the education system helps to prevent people from recognising their exploited position and rebelling against the system, by legitimating class inequalities.
Teaching them a common history and shared rituals, is important to show pupils they share the same past and have a similar purpose.
Legitimation performs as a function in which education legitimates class inequality by producing ideologies that disguise its true cause. It does this by producing ideologies that explain why inequality is fair, natural or inevitable.
The relationships and structures found in the education system mirror those of work. Bowles and Gintis take the deterministic view and assume that pupils passively accept indoctrination.
Marxists offer some validate ideas about the education system. The second element is the repressive state apparatus, which Marxists believe that when it is necessary to protect capitalist interests the state uses force to repress the working class via the police, courts and army.
Functionalists disagree however; they see education as preparing young people for work by social solidarity and teaching them specialist skills.Traditional Marxists see the education system as working in the interests of ruling class elites. According to the Marxist perspective on education, the system performs three functions for these elites: Reproduces class inequality.
Legitimates class inequality. It works in the Continue reading →. Below is an essay on "Marxists View on Education" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.
Examine Marxists theories of the role of education Marxists theory of the role of education is seen as the opposite of functionalists where they see education as based on value consensus. Assess the Marxist view of the role of education (20 marks) Marxists view society as based on conflict.
They believe that the role of all institutions in society can be understood in terms of how they relate to the economic system.
The Marxist Perspective on Education Marxists such as Louis Althusser, Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis refute the Functionalist view that industrial capitalist societies are meritocracies and that every ones' position.
The Marxist View on the Role of the Education System In this essay I am going to examine the Marxist view that the role of the education system is to reproduce and. Functionalist View Marxist View Education Benefits Sociology Essay. Print Reference this. Published: 23rd March, The Ideological Functions of Education.
For many Marxists education is seen as the ideological apparatus of the state, that is, it disseminates ruling-class ideology.
It is a myth making machine, its very existence .Download